C.P.A., this unknown
di Francesca Perone
Key words: juridical route, underage, arrest, relation, hospitality
The one about C.P.A. (center of first hospitality for underage people)’s mission is always open, always revisited debate, and lately, in occasion of important procedural changes about the topic of evaluation theme, has been made a further reflection at 360 degrees, concerning both staff, procedures and finalities of the service, both users, in perspective always to maintain, as basic assumption, underage’s centrality.
Before L. 448/88, juvenile criminal proceedings was not so different of adult’s one. Since ’88, instead, the lawyer intended to change point of view, having as end rehabilitation more than amends. Then C.P.A. where born, a first step of juridical route, which offers to underage the opportunity of being subjected to different precautionary measure, not restricted to precautionary custody into jail or house arrest, as adults. Have changed procedural opportunities too, mostly with probation’s inserting.
C.P.A., then, is configured like a filter, a kind of “limbo” between arrest’s event and juridical route’s starting. It’s a structure different to jail too : there aren’t armored doors, there are plainclothes agents; civilian personnel (educators, volunteers, association’s operators for recreational activities) go around into detection sections. Everything in order to not further hurt underage, already shocked by arrest’s event. Indeed, a sense of omnipotence is part of adolescence period, that keeps to negation of reality too. Tutto allo scopo di non turbare ulteriormente il minore, già provato dall’evento arresto. Arrest in configured as sudden realization of the fact that every action has an important consequence; this results upsetting for a guy, that in going around through oxymorons just of that age, don’t reckon with social, legal, moral rules in which his existential path is anyway absorbed.
The shock represented by arrest’s event constellate, anyway, new possibility in psychic life of a subject who , if adequately supported by operators, can just in C.P.A. start a path of changing and review of psychological and relational themes that leaded him to the current situation.
The initial phase of interaction Justice/User that here develops, leaves considerable traces on the going ahead of the whole relation with penal system. It’s possible to observe how an underage who runs across positively a precautionary measure, which respect depends on his responsibility, is already came back in a contest of standards with possibility of experience new adaptations.
In C.P.A. underag e people between 14 and 18 are leaded in state of arrest. After the entrance underage is subject to a series of procedures: search, medical visit, short psychological interview and interview with the educator. An underage cannot stay in C.P.A. for more of 96 hours (four days), in which validation hearing with G.I.P. (Judge for preliminary investigations) is celebrated. The outcome can be: liberation, prescriptions, house permanence, community placement and I.P.M. (penal institute for underage people) placement. The educator has the task to make an interview not concerning juridical facts, but anamnesis, including familiar asset, studies process, sports and news about possible social services and/or medical services involving in exystential underage’s path.
If an arrested underage is substances addict too, during medical visit the doctor calls the Ser.D. (service for pathological addictions) for a consult concerning both detection of urinary metabolites and a psychological interview. Basing on this advice the Judge can orientate himself about which precautionary measure can choose to submit underage. Educator indeed, drawing up the report for the judge, write about it too.
About the last data processed on arrests we could ascertain how arrests for drug dealing are exponentially increased. Some Roma’s areas became Neapolitan underworld’s branch importing the same managing way (boys at the gates).
The enlistment among the pushers rows comes as a promotion to a boy unprovided of a deep sense of self-worth and gives a strong sense of identity, that immediately is made in crisis by arrest evet. C.P.A. is the first place that questions the teenager’s negative identity “in fieri”; this fact represent an important responsibility for operators that to various ways provide service inside it.